Best Gaming Mouse Pad

The best gaming mouse pad can be a great accessory for anyone who spends a lot of time gaming. Since the invention of the trackball, mouse pads have been a necessity for computer mice. Now, we have new inventions of optical and laser mice that can track on just about any smooth surface, standard cloth pads have just evolved to much better materials for the need of your best gaming mouse for which they can stand as the best gaming mouse pads for your gaming setup.

Gaming mouse mats will secure your desk and the mouse’s feet as it moves across the surface. This also results in improved aesthetics of your workplace, and gaming desk, while you have the luxury of movement and hand rest on the platform. A good gaming mouse pad is simply a necessity for gamers who want to play games with quick movement and want no compromise on performance.

A clear advantage of gaming-specific pads is quick movements without skipping or dropping, it helps you perform better in FPS games that require precise mouse movements, which is the reason pro gamers recommend high DPI gaming mice with a large mate that allows necessary friction for grip while also provide a smooth glide for a mouse without any hiccup, such way they can aim effortlessly in first-person shooters and compete with challenges.

Gaming mouse pads come in all shapes, sizes, and materials with a variety of sizes and thicknesses. Most standards are made from cloth while others are neoprene rubber pads, metal plates, and hard plastic pads. They can be expensive or inexpensive, depending on the brand and material. Generally speaking, a gaming mouse pad is special for the safety and luxury of mouse space and reduces the fatigue of excessive usage and ensures the long life of your expensive mouse.

We’ve seen extra featured mouse mats for comfort, which are personally more versatile for gaming. You will see modern high-end gaming pads come equipped with RGB strips, NFC, and wireless charging for your gaming mouse. It is best for people who are into gaming often spend a lot of time on their computers. This can mean hours of sitting in front of the screen, trying to win a game or race through a level.

It’s important to use equipment that’s comfortable. That’s why many gamers choose to buy special mouse pads for gaming. There are different types of mouse pads out there, but some of the most popular ones are designed specifically for gaming. These pads have extra padding on them, which makes them more comfortable to use. They also usually have a rubber edge so they don’t slide around on your desk and they’re wider than normal mouse pads so your hand doesn’t feel cramped when you’re using it.

Quick Shopping Tips:

Thickness: Gaming mouse pads come in different thicknesses, but do they really matter? Some people say that a thicker pad will provide a more comfortable gaming experience, while others argue that the extra thickness causes pointer lag and makes it difficult to move the cursor accurately. Which is correct? There isn’t a definitive answer, as everyone’s individual gaming style and mouse configuration may be different. Ultimately, what matters most is finding a mouse pad that feels good under your fingers and gives you the accuracy you need to win those online battles.

Mouse pad material: Gaming mouse pads come in a variety of materials, with each having its own advantages and disadvantages. The most popular type of gaming mouse pad is the cloth pad. They are cheap and easy to find, but they don’t last very long. They can get ruined by spills or direct contact with your mouse, which can cause tracking problems. The next most popular type of gaming mouse pad is the rubberized mat. They are more expensive than cloth pads, but they last much longer and don’t suffer from tracking problems as much. Rubberized mats also have a slightly better grip than cloth pads, which some people prefer for competitive games. Steel wool is the least popular type of gaming mouse pad, but it has some unique advantages that make it worth considering if you’re looking for a specific type of pad.

Type of finishing at the edges: Gaming mouse pads come in all shapes and sizes, but the type of finishing at the edges does not always matter. Whether a gaming mouse pad has a smooth or textured finish, it will still work the same. However, if you want to maximize your gaming experience, you should choose a mouse pad with a smooth finish at the edges. This is because a textured finish can actually cause your mouse to glide across the surface of the pad instead of sticking to it. This can lead to inaccurate movement and decreased accuracy when playing games.

Size of the mouse pad: Gaming mouse pads come in all different sizes, but do they actually matter? According to many gamers, mouse pad size is one of the most important factors when choosing a gaming mouse. Not only does a large mouse pad make movement more comfortable, it can also provide better Tracking and Control in FPS games. Meanwhile, a small mouse pad can sometimes result in inaccurate tracking and decreased cursor control. So which size mouse pad should you buy? It really depends on your personal preferences and the type of game you’re playing. If you’re mostly playing first-person shooters or action games, then a larger mouse pad is likely what you’ll need. Conversely, if you tend to play slower strategy or puzzle games, then a smaller mousepad may be more suitable. Ultimately, it’s always best to test out different mouse pads before making a purchase so that you can find the perfect size for your needs.

Best Mouse Pad for Gaming at a Glance:

  1. Logitech G440
  2. Corsair MM800 Polaris RGB
  3. Logitech G240
  4. Razer Strider
  5. Asus ROG Scabbard
  6. SteelSeries QCK
  7. Razer Sphex V2
  8. Corsair MM1000

Best Mouse Pad for Gaming You Can Buy

Logitech G440
Logitech G440 (Image credit: Amazon)

Logitech G440

The best hard gaming mouse pad


Surface Type: | Hard Surface Material: | Plastic Dimensions (Size): | 340.36 x 279.4 x 2.54 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | No


Soft-touch with minimal friction.

Specialized for Logitech gaming mouse

High-impact polystyrene core


XXL not available

Logitech G440 gaming mouse pad is designed with professional gamers in mind. The soft and durable material ensures accuracy when moving your cursor around the screen. The large surface area also makes it perfect for extended gaming sessions. Logitech’s G440 Gaming Mouse Pad is an excellent addition to any gamer’s arsenal. It is comfortable and provides a great surface for your mouse to glide on.

The large size ensures that you have plenty of space to move your hand, and the soft cloth fabric keeps your hands cool even during extended gameplay sessions. When you are looking for a gaming mouse pad that’s both comfortable and practical? We tested Logitech G440 Gaming Mouse Pad. This mouse pad is made from hard, durable rubber, which ensures your mouse stays stuck to the surface while you play.

The surface is also incredibly smooth, making it easy to move your cursor around without any lag or jitters. Plus, the large size makes this mouse pad perfect for use with most mice. Our time with Logitech’s G440 Gaming Mouse Pad is been great, it comes at a very reasonable price, making it an affordable addition to any gamer’s arsenal which makes it a great choice for anyone who needs a mouse pad that can handle plenty of abuse.

Overall, the Logitech G440 Gaming Mouse Pad is an excellent choice for gamers who demand the best possible gaming experience. The polystyrene coating is tough enough to take some hits, yet it’s still soft enough to avoid irritation. The semi-rigid bases keep the pad stable even when you’re playing on a rougher surface, and the rubber edge helps reduce movement fatigue.

Corsair MM800 Polaris RGB
Corsair MM800 Polaris RGB (Image credit: Amazon)

Corsair MM800 Polaris RGB

Best RGB mouse pad


Surface Type: | Hard Surface Material: | Plastic Dimensions (Size): | 350mm x 260mm x 5mm RGB Zones: | Yes Special Features: | USB pass-through port


Low-friction good surface area

Reasonable hard

USB charging pass-through

iCUE enabled PWM lightning

Optimized for Corsair mice


It’s wired

The Corsair MM800 Polaris RGB mouse pad is a great way to add some extra colour and style to your gaming setup. The surface area is 350mm x 260mm x 5mm, so it will give you plenty of room to run your mouse around. Plus, the micro-texture ensures that your mouse will stay put no matter how hard you play. And because there are LED lights embedded in the surface, you can see just how fast you’re moving and how much damage you’re doing without having to look down at your mouse!

When it comes to the hottest gaming peripherals, Corsair is a name that always manages to turn heads. Whether it’s their enthusiast-grade keyboards, mice or headsets, Corsair gear is known for its precision and durability. The MM800 RGB mouse pad is no exception. First and foremost, the MM800 RGB is designed for professional gamers who demand the best possible tracking experience.

Precisely calibrated PWM lighting provides an incredibly smooth and consistent cursor movement across all surfaces. Additionally, the iCUE software makes customizing your gaming setup a breeze – whether you want to change the colour of individual zones or set up specific macros. Ever since Corsair released their MM800 RGB Mouse Pad, users have been raving about the amazing features and design.

Whether you’re in the gaming industry or not, this mouse pad is a must-have! In this honest review, I will be discussing the pros and cons of the Corsair MM800 RGB Mouse Pad.  First off, it definitely has a high-quality design. The mouse pad is made out of high-quality materials that will last for a long time. Not only does it look amazing, but it also performs amazingly well.

Overall, the MM800 RGB mouse pad is a top-notch product that offers everything professional gamers need and more. The tracking is incredibly consistent and accurate, no matter what surface you are using it on. Additionally, the MM800 RGB Mouse Pad offers plenty of comforts while gaming. Since it is designed with ample padding, your hand will never feel cramped or sore while using it. Plus, the colour selection is top-notch!

Logitech G240
Logitech G240 (Image credit: Amazon)

Logitech G240

Best mouse pad for control


Surface Type: | Soft and Flexible Surface Material: | Cloth (Fabric) Dimensions (Size): | 280 X 340 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | No


Responsive for gaming

Rubber base durable surface

Flexible cloth construction

Long life


Little on the expensive side

Looking for a quality mouse pad to use with your computer? Check out the Logitech G240 Mouse pad! This mat is made from a durable, rubber-like material that will keep your desktop clean and free of scratches. The G240 also features a high-quality surface that is perfect for all types of mouse usage. So whether you’re a gamer or just need a basic mouse pad, the Logitech G240 is definitely worth checking out.

Logitech G240 mouse pad is a cloth mouse pad that features a rubber base. It is designed for gamers who want to have a comfortable and responsive gaming experience with great grip with a low DPI setting. This cloth mouse pad is also easy to clean, making it ideal for any gamer who wants to keep their gaming setup clean and organized.

We find the Logitech G240 mouse pad a great option for gamers who need a high-quality mouse pad for the long run. It has seamless bonding with a rubber base and texture with great grip for control over softness, but dense for comfortable use. The mousepad also has a rubber base that prevents it from moving around on your desk. Additionally, the Logitech G240 mouse pad features anti-slip properties so your hands will stay in place while you play. However, some people have complained that the Logitech G240 mouse pad is too small and does not provide enough padding.

Razer Strider
Razer Strider (Image credit: Amazon)

Razer Strider

Best hybrid mouse pad with 3m precise gaming thicknesses


Surface Type: | Hybrid Surface Material: | Polyester Dimensions (Size): | 450 mm x 400 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | No


Firm gliding surface

Best hybrid soft and hard mat for gaming.

Quality 3m stitched edges and anti-slip base.

Rollable and portable.

Water-resistant made to last.



Textured feeling different.

Razer has released the new Razer Strider mouse pad. This mouse pad is innovatively made out of a mixture of hard textured material, rubber and cloth that helps your hand glide across the surface which benefits long life and suits most gamers’ styles. The design makes it a hybrid mouse mat with both soft and hard mat finish, that is crafted for the optimal balance of speed and control with a light glide for quick flicks, and solid stopping power for consistent precision.

Our test shows a mid-to-firm base at 3mm thick, the hybrid mouse mat’s sturdy design provides a consistent foundation to game on. While the anti-slip feature is a perk of this hybrid mouse mat is reinforced with a grooved rubber underside to truly anchor it to your desk keep it in place on your desk and prevent it from moving. We are hay with its physical appearance as a rollable and portable mouse mate.

Razer designed the Strider as a unique pad that can be easily stored in your backpack so you can take your game anywhere and is available in both standard and XL sizes. The Razer Strider Mouse Pad is a great purchase for any gamer. The mouse pad is made of durable cloth material that feels smooth under your hands.

It has relatively a large surface area of 450x400mm which is the same size as most other big brands large version mouse pads, allowing you to have plenty of room to move your mouse around. The mouse pad is also designed to glide across your desktop, so you won’t have to worry about making any unnecessary movements. The Razer Strider is a mouse pad that is designed to be Warp-resistant and Stitched Edges. It also has Water-Resistant and Portable properties.

This makes it perfect for use on any surface, whether it’s a desk at work or your gaming laptop. Plus, the stitched edges make it extra durable and resistant to wear and tear. If you’re in the market for a gaming mouse pad, the Razer Strider is definitely worth considering. It has some great features and benefits that make it an ideal purchase.

Some of the specific benefits of the Razer Strider mouse pad include its high-quality construction, water resistance, abundant surface area, and comfortable feel of hard and soft for speedy and firm glides. Additionally, it’s very lightweight so you won’t feel weighed down while gaming. You can easily swap out for your old one and have the reliability of a flexible and hard surface at once.

Overall, the Razer Strider Mouse Pad is an excellent addition to anyone’s gaming setup. It’s as thin as 3mm and rollable and lightweight for travelling. You might want it as a durable mate for long-lasting life and strength to handle harsh environments and abuses. But can be a drawback as it’s a large mouse pad and can be difficult to move around if your desk is cluttered or if you have limited space, which makes it unsuitable for smaller spaces.

For those who want to compare the Razer Strider to the well known Razer Gigantus V2, the Razer Strider features stitched edges, has a smoother glide with less dynamic friction, and has a firmer base than the Razer Gigantus V2 which we tested out for your ease. it is also a middle form of both hard and soft surface design. We know hard mats are for speed and soft mats are for control, but with the Razer Strider hybrid mat, you can achieve a balance of both speed and control.

Asus ROG Scabbard
Asus ROG Scabbard (Image credit: Amazon)

Asus ROG Scabbard

Best long gaming mouse pad


Surface Type: | Soft Surface Material: | Cloth Dimensions (Size): | 896.62 x 2.54 x 398.78 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | Water, oil, and dust-repellent surface


Surface withstands wear and tear

Slip-free spill-resistant

One of the best-extended gaming mouse pad

Designed for the long service.


Not easily fits easily on most desks.

Not very portable due to its size.

Asus has released a new mouse pad dubbed the “Asus ROG Scabbard”. The unique design is inspired by the popular ASUS ROG logo, which is featured on many of their gaming products. The mouse pad is made from high-quality cloth material and measures 35.4 x 15.7 inches with a thickness of 0.08. It also features a rubber base to keep your mouse stable and provides extra grip.

We like the ROG Scabbard as an extended mouse pad that is perfect for gamers who demand the best in performance and convenience. It not only provides a comfortable surface for your mouse, but it also has an amazing design that will make you stand out from the rest. So if you’re looking for a high-quality mousepad that will enhance your gaming experience, then be sure to check out the ROG Scabbard!

The pad is made from a durable textile material with a weave surface optimized for all sensor types and sensitivities. In our lab, it’s been subjected to a barrage of stress tests, including a mouse glide distance of more than 155 miles, and exposure to temperature extremes of -22°F and 140°F for 57 hours. The results are surprising, this stands stable against all the abuses and proves the word of manufacture for a long life span.

If you are looking for an awesome mouse mat to use with your Asus ROG gaming laptop. Well, the Asus ROG Scabbard mat is definitely worth considering for your gaming table. It offers a nice, soft feel to it and features a magnetic closure system that ensures your mouse stays put while you’re gaming. Additionally, it is backed by a one-year warranty. So if anything goes wrong with it, don’t worry – you can always get a replacement.

Overall, we highly recommend the Asus ROG Scabbard mouse pad if you’re in the market for a great gaming pad! We recommend it as a good gaming peripheral that can be a simple but worthy addition to any gaming setup. In the meantime, the massive ROG Sheath measures 900 x 440 x 3mm, so there’s more than enough room for all your gear including your laptop, keyboard, and mouse. We like its durable stitching along the edges preventing fraying, even after years of service.

SteelSeries QCK
SteelSeries QCK (Image credit: Amazon)

SteelSeries QCK

Best speed mouse pad


Surface Type: | Soft Surface Material: | Cloth Dimensions (Size): | 320 x 270 x 2 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | No


Best tracking and gaming

Micro woven cloth with all sensor optimization

QCK’s legendary micro-woven cloth.

Heavy base to prevent slipping


Optional RGB

Vary for the model to have or have not stitched.

SteelSeries has always been a company known for its high-quality gaming peripherals and this is their latest addition to the QcK mouse pads. The SteelSeries QCK mouse pad is designed specifically for competitive gamers who demand the best tracking and response times. So how does it stack up against other top-of-the-line pads? Let’s take a look!

The first thing that you’ll notice about the SteelSeries QcK mat is its size. It measures 12.6×10.8 inches, which makes it one of the ideal size pads on the table. This is neither large nor small, making it a perfect size for those players who are looking for plenty of room to move their hands around. The second thing that you’ll appreciate about this pad is how smooth it feels under your fingers.

The SteelSeries QcK mouse pad is perfect for any gamer who wants high-quality performance. This mouse pad has a textured rubber surface that provides great grip, and it also features anti-slip properties to keep your mouse stable while gaming. Just we know, SteelSeries has always been a company known for its high-quality gaming peripherals this one also has great performance and sensitivity.

We have found it precise for glorious gaming tasks with a high thread count micro woven cloth surface which is optimized for low and high DPI tracking movements making it a great choice for anyone who needs a versatile and durable but speedy mouse pad for everyday gaming. In a nutshell, QcK pads are an excellent choice for gaming mice. It has a durable rubber backing and cloth top that makes it comfortable to use. The mouse pad has a lot of features that make it perfect for gaming, including a high-quality cloth surface and an anti-slip base.

Razer Sphex V2
Razer Sphex V2 (Image credit: Amazon)

Razer Sphex V2

A minimalist’s dream and ultra-thin gaming mouse pad


Surface Type: | Hard Surface Material: | Plastic Dimensions (Size): | 340.36 x 279.4 x 2.54 mm RGB Zones: | No Special Features: | No



Smooth gliding

Good hard texture


Adhesive base

No LED lighting

Average life span.

The Razer Sphex V2 is an ultra-thin gaming mat that provides excellent tracking for both laser and optical gaming mice. This mouse mat is made of polycarbonate and has an improved adhesive base, so it stays in top condition and firmly in place even during intense play, giving you the peace of mind to focus on your game.

We chose it for a regular desk where it can be used every day to provide the best tracking surface for both optical and laser sensor gaming mice we’ve tested. The speed is not very fast, and the gameplay is very controllable. Second, the preference is for average durability. The Razer Sphex V2’s polycarbonate surface has been lab-tested to have an ultra-thin structure, but its strength is on average.

The design is intended for gamers who want no elevation from their desk. It is a medium-size, hard surface mouse pad designed for high-performance gaming. It features fast gilding smoothly and its textured rubber surface helps reduce friction and provides superior tracking capabilities. Since it’s a new version of the Sphex ultra thin mouse pad it has few improvements over its predecessor.

Our test is truly balanced about this ultra-thin spectrum-coloured mouse mat, its profile can be a personal touch for gamers who prefer a hard surface for their gaming mouse over soft cushion padding. The thickness is less than half a millimetre thing and not so long. Its polycarbonate surface is both durable and optimised for all gaming mice.

The textured surface also helps prevent your mouse from slipping on the pad. It’s smooth, and it’s quick and responsive for tracking. However, there are some cons to consider before making a decision to purchase this mouse pad. First, the size can be a bit overwhelming for some users who don’t like the medium size. Second, it may not be as durable as other high-end mousepads, so it may need to be replaced more often.

Overall, Razer Sphex V2 is the best one-piece mouse pad on the market, that we find good for training sessions and tournaments for regular gaming. You can pick this up when you are on a budget and need a permanent mice mat that has an unobtrusive gaming experience. In the overall review, this is an ultra-thin form factor, combined with the improved adhesive base, which makes it ideal for those who prefer a more discrete gaming experience.

Corsair MM1000
Corsair MM1000 (Image credit: Amazon)

Corsair MM1000

Best Qi charging gaming mouse pad


Surface Type: | Hard Surface Material: | Plastic Dimensions (Size): | 350mm x 260mm x 5mm RGB Zones: | Yes Special Features: | Qi wireless charging, USB pass-through port


Can charge mouse wirelessly

Responsive Surface

Build quality is good



Looking for a high-quality mouse pad? The Corsair MM1000 gaming mouse pad is a suggestion for lightening RGBs with wireless charging as an added bonus. This pad is made from durable plastic material and features a rubber base for position grip. If you have a desire for a fancy and unique mat, this is definitely the one. It has built-in wireless charging for the comfort of charging your Qi wireless mouse and has colourful LED lights on the surrounding for ambience.

We tested the Corsair MM1000 mouse pad for casual play and it really styles out the others. MM1000 is really an impressive piece of material, that Corsair combines with the convenience of modern Qi wireless charging, also known as wireless charging technology, with a performance micro-textured mouse pad surface, which allows gamers to charge any Qi device from their desktop while having great control for a gaming mouse.

On the front, there it has a USB 3.0 Type-A that can charge a peripheral, but what we like about this medium-sized 360mm x 260mm x 6mm thick mouse pad is that it includes a USB micro-B, type-C, and lightning qi charging adapter that can charge almost anything and enable you to charge almost any other wireless/mobile device, which means you can use your wireless mouse even if it is not Qi wireless charging certified.

Overall, the Corsair MM1000 gaming mat is an excellent choice for anyone who wants a quality mouse pad that will last and provide comfort during extended use. This has impressive features that make it a unique gaming mouse pad. The high-quality build is designed for professional use with an anti-slip surface that prevents it from moving while your mouse is in use, and the soft cloth top provides comfortable extended use.


We cannot afford to overlook performance as a gamers. It is the reason we’ve got the best gaming mouse pad and pheripherials including gaming mouse, keyboard and surface mat to improve the overall gaming experience. So, do you require a specialised gaming mouse pad to enhance your gameplay? Perhaps not, but certainly. For most gamers, a regular mouse pad will suffice; if you respect percistance, a gaming mouse that requires a specialised pad, by all means serves better.

There are numerous types of gaming mice with a variety fo sizes, thickness and some sedial features like Qi wireless charging and RGBs, with a different type of pad friction, which we explain with our review of best mouse pads for gaming, so that you can decide a suitable gaming mouse pad for your gaming desk. In case your mouse pointer moves erratically or jumps around on the screen when you’re playing games, it might be because the surface your hand is resting on isn’t providing the consistent friction needed for accurate movement.

If that the case you can go for a cloth or rubber mat instead of hard gaming mouse pad. We tested this theory by ourselves and it fixes the issue. The mouse pad that is comfortable is not always the ideal for a gaming, there are some priorities, such as DPI and requirement for smooth and control glides, which will help you choose the high-quality mat that is grippy and ensured long-term use.

Other than that there are a few key benefits to using a gaming mouse pad over wood surfaces. Mouse movement is more responsive and accurate when tracking on a textured but smooth surface, and this has the added bonus of reducing hand and arm fatigue during extended sessions. Additionally, some gaming mouse pads have raised areas that help improve your grip on the mouse, making it easier to move around the cursor.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a bigger mouse pad better?

Yes, a long mat for gaming mouse is better. It is the thing that bigger mouse pads make your mouse move faster which many people claims on YouTube that larger mouse pads make your cursor move faster. The truth is, a bigger mouse pad will give you a freedom of movement with a lot more space for all your gaming pheripherials. So, getting a bigger mouse pad depends on your own preferences and needs.

Are gaming mouse pads worth it?

A lot of people seem to think that gaming mouse pads are a waste of money. Some people say that the surface does not provide any real benefit and that it is just a gimmick. Others say that the padding can actually improve your performance in certain games. So, is a gaming mouse pad worth it? First, you should consider what type of player you are. Some people find that the extra cushioning helps with accuracy while others do not find a difference at all. If you are unsure if a gaming mouse pad is for you, try out several different brands and see which one feels better. Additionally, some players prefer using a cloth or vinyl mat as opposed to foam because it allows for more movement and prevents sweaty hands from affecting their cursor. In conclusion, gaming mouse pads can provide varying benefits for different players depending on their personal preferences and game style.

What size mouse pad Do pros use?

 Mouse pads come in a variety of sizes, but what size do professional gamers and other computer users use? According to many experts, the standard mouse pad size is 8 inches by 10 inches. Larger or extended mouse pads can be used for extended gaming sessions, but they may not be necessary for most users. Some people who use large mice or have large hands may find a larger mouse pad to be more comfortable.

Does mousepad thickness matter?

There is a prevailing myth that thicker mousepads are better. However, this is not always true. In fact, there is no scientific evidence to back up the claim that thicker mousepads are more effective. Some people believe that a thick pad will prevent your mouse from moving around and cause fewer tracking errors, but this is not always the case. A good quality mousepad should have a thickness of at least 1 mm and should be made from cloth or rubber rather than foam.

Robert Miller
Robert Miller is a tech enthusiast who has been exploring different aspects of technology for over 10 years. He is the author of DexPlora a tech blog where he shares his findings and insights on various topics related to technology. Robert has a deep understanding of both software and hardware, and is always looking for new ways to improve his skills. He is also an active member of the tech community, and frequently participates in online discussions and forums.